Introduction:
Backup and Restore console helps us to copy the files and preserving these files so that can be used in the time of failure. There are various destinations where you can save the files. There are two supports for the backup they are System image backup and files and folders backup. System restores helps in restoring the files and folders so that the computer works properly.
System protection helps in creating and saving information about your computer system files and settings. Advanced boot options and System Recovery Options provides various repair methods for system recovery. The System Recovery Options contains several tools, such as Startup Repair, that can help you to recover Windows from a serious error.

Backup and Restore console

In computing, backup is the activity of copying files so that they are preserved in the case of equipment failure. The files backup and restore features in Windows help you to keep data safe from user error, hardware failure, and other problems. In Windows 7, Backup and Restore are configured and scheduled by using Backup and Restore console under System and Security tab in Control Panel. When you use the Backup and restore console for the first time, there is no scheduled backup configured on your computer.

How to restore your backupfiles

You can configure regular backup by clicking set up backup which shown in the below image

How to back up and restore your data

There are various backup destinations which are mentioned below:-
An Internal hard drive: In the past few years, hard disks have become relatively inexpensive. This makes them the best option as backup media targets. If you have a problem with your operating system and cannot boot your computer then you can use the hard disk in another computer to access the backups files and folders.
An external hard drive: An external hard disk can be connected to the computer through the USB port. External hard disk too can hold a large amount of information just like internal hard drive. But this hard drive can be stored in different physical location or on a different computer. In addition, USB-attached disks tend to have a slower data transfer rate than internal disks, which, in turn. might cause longer backup times.
DVD-ROM: If you have DVD burner installed in your computer then you can use it for backup of data. The DVD’s are cheap and you can store your backup media in different locations.
USB flash drives:Even USB flash drives can be used for backup as these are inexpensive and you can store the data in a location that is separate from the computer. The data storage capacity depends upon the USB flash drive size.
Network Locations: A shared folder or mapped drive on the network can be a convenient place to save your backups and they can be added as and when more storage space is required. However. the network location must be available at the time the backup is scheduled to occur and the user name and also the password should be provided when you set up your backup.
VHD(Virtual Hard Disk): In Windows 7, you can specify VHD as a backup location. But, the VHD file should not be on the physical disk that you are backing up, or else you could lose your backup if the disk fails. In Windows 7, you can use the Bcdedit tool to make a VHD bootable so you can boot the computer from a backed-up system image.
When you have selected the backup medium, click ‘Next’ and let Microsoft Windows choose the files and folders to be backed or select them manually. When you choose what you want to backup, you are prompted to review your backup settings.

How to Restore your files

You can change your backup settings so that next time it runs as per the schedule. There are two types of backup supports in Backup and Restore Console:
System Image: In System Image backup. its backs up entire volume to a .vhd disk image file. This backup helps you to restore your computer settings and all the running applications quickly.
Files and Folders: In this type you can store files and documents to compressed (zip) files. They do not provide backup to system files, program files, Encrypting File System or user profile settings. File and folders backup can be backed up to either local media or shared folder on the network.

System Image Backups:

System Image takes block by block backup of your system into a .vhd file. You can store this .vhd file on the second hard drive The Backup and Restore console does not provide tool for scheduling System Image backup. You have to create a System Image backup manually whenever changes are made in the system configurations. You can use Wbadmin command-line utility to perform the function.
To Take an Backup on drive “d”, enter the following command:-

Wbadmin start backup –backuptarget : e : -allcritical